A Yale University professor and two others have been awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize for their work in medicine on how hormones transport inside and outside cells.
The recipients this year are James E. Rothman, Yale's chairman in the Department of Cell Biology, Randy W. Schekman, a professor at UCLA Berkeley, and Thomas C. Südhof, professor at Stamford University.
The Nobel Assembly in Sweden said the three professors "have solved the mystery of how the cell organizes its transport system." The Hartford Courant reported that the three men mapped out one of the body's critical networks that uses tiny bubbles known as vesicles to ferry chemicals such as insulin within cells.
"Through their discoveries, Rothman, Schekman and Südhof have revealed the exquisitely precise control system for the transport and delivery of cellular cargo," the Nobel organization said. "Disturbances in this system have deleterious effects and contribute to conditions such as neurological diseases, diabetes, and immunological disorders."